A Teacher's Guide to Creating Lesson Plans

Teachers have many obligations to their students, families, and the community that they are a part of. One of the most important obligations is providing their students with new valuable and educational learning material. As a teacher, you must create what is called a lesson plan by providing a detailed description of what your taught lesson will be, the clear goals and objectives, and the outcome of what you expect the students to learn from it. When creating a plan there are certain important steps to keep in mind, below are a few tips to help.

School or State Standards

As a Teacher you are expected to customize your school lessons based on any school or state standards that are set in place where you teach. When you are given held to a standard, you must base your lesson plan around it. For example, if your state of employment has an education standard that your first grade students must know how to count to one hundred, then you would have to adjust a counting lesson plan to that standard. You would first assess your students’ current knowledge of counting that they had prior to the lesson, then adjust your lesson to make sure that the outcome would fit the state standard of being able to count to one hundred. In other words, if your students were struggling and could only count to fifty you would then adjust your plan for the next day in order to have them understand counting to one hundred.


When writing a lesson plan, you must have clear objectives or goals for your students. In the plan, you will state something like “When the lesson is complete, my students will have learned…….”. It is the outcome that you are expecting from your students.

What Will I Need?

Think about the resources and tools you will need to teach the lesson. Will the lesson be done on a computer, so will you need to have each student have access to one? Is it a presentation where you will need school supplies such as poster board, markers, and glue? Or is it a take home assignment where no supplies are needed to have the student complete it? You will write about the resources or supplies needed to complete the lesson in your plan.

Teaching Method

Another part of the lesson plan is deciding which teaching method will be best to convey the lesson to your students. Popular methods that teachers often use are group presentations, quizzes or tests, or take-home assignments. If you are using the same example of counting to one hundred, a presentation or quiz may be best suitable. While a topic like learning about a president might be better taught at a group presentation or research paper. Sometimes teaching methods are even combined such as a lecture with a project to appeal to students with different learning styles.


The last step in your lesson should be explaining how you plan to evaluate the success of your lesson. There are multiple ways to determine if your students learned what the objective of the lesson was supposed to be. You can give them a grade on their presentation or research paper or give them a test or quiz to test their knowledge. The students should be able to demonstrate full capability on the topic of your taught material.

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